Key Word Search
by term...

by definition...

for letter: "F"
Results

Facilitation
 
fcMRI
 
Feedback
 
First Person
 
First Person Knowledge
 
Fischer, Edmond H.
 
fMRI
 
Forget Process
 
Forget Rate
 
Francis Bacon
 



Unless otherwise indicated, all glossary content is:
(C) Copyright 2008-2014
Dominic John Repici
~ ALL RIGHTS RESERVED ~
No part of this Content may be copied without the express written permision of Dominic John Repici.













































 



 
fMRI

 
fMRI or functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging is used to non-invasively view the structure and activity within a brain in vivo.

An fMRI is an MRI that has been tuned to detect blood flow. Hemoglobin in blood contains iron, which--due to its ferrous component-- mediates changes in magnetic fields. These changes are, in turn, detected and converted to three-dimensional image data by the MRI.

That same iron component in hemoglobin carries oxygen to the cells of the body. When neurons become more active they require more oxygen-carrying blood. Arteries in the vicinity of the active neuron cells respond by dilating in order to increase the supply, and it is this extra blood that is detected by fMRI.

This has been a boon to understanding the topographical correlates of thought and brain function. That's the upside. The downside is that it produces very course correlates. That is, it only measures increased blood flow in the vicinity of neural activity. It doesn't pin-point the actual activity topographically.

It is also contextually course information. In other words, it displays all activity, and can't discern between, say long-, and short-term PTP, or any of the staggering number of other protein interactions that are involved in different types of mental activity. These different types of activity are often as important as locational activity.

Finally, it has a course temporal aperture as well. Because it measures blood-flow, it tends to show neural activity many milliseconds, or even seconds after the activity has started

Also: MRI     fcMRI     HARDI

 
 




Web-based glossary software: (c) Creativyst, 2001-2014